8 Dog Mouth Disorders You Need to Be Aware Of
Whenever people think about dog mouth disorders, they most likely think of gingivitis or just a bad case of doggy breath. However, there are several problems that can occur in your dog’s mouth that you should be aware of.
1) Periodontal disease is a painful infection that occurs between the tooth and the gum. It can result in tooth loss and if not treated, can spread to the rest of the body. The most common initial symptoms include loose teeth, bad breath, tooth pain, sneezing and nasal discharge.
2) Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, caused mainly by plaque and tartar build-up. To prevent it, you should try your hardest to inhibit disease-producing bacteria from invading your dog’s mouth. Brush his teeth regularly and check them weekly. Signs include bleeding, red, swollen gums and bad breath.
3) Halitosis, also known as bad dog breath, is often the first sign of mouth issues and is caused by bacteria growing from food particles caught between the teeth or by gum infection. If not treated, it can lead to more serious dental problems. You can reverse halitosis by brushing your dog’s teeth regularly and getting them cleaned by the veterinarian.
4) Swollen gums develop when tartar builds up and food gets stuck between the teeth. They are also an initial sign of dental problems and can lead to more serious diseases if not treated. You can prevent swollen gums through teeth cleaning and regular visits to the vet for check-ups.
5) Proliferating gum disease occurs when the gum grows over the teeth and must be treated with antibiotics to avoid infection. Common in dog breeds such as boxers and bull terriers, it is usually hereditary and you cannot do much to prevent it.
6) Mouth tumors appear as lumps in the gums. They must be tested by a veterinarian to determine if they are benign or malignant. Surgically removing the tumors is the only way to treat this problem.
7) Salivary cysts are large, unpleasant, fluid-filled blisters under the tongue or near the corners of the jaw. To treat them, a veterinarian must drain them and remove the damaged saliva gland.
8) Canine distemper teeth occur most often in dogs that had distemper as a puppy. The teeth are likely to decay and should be removed by a veterinarian if this happens. Canine distemper cannot be treated and damage is irreversible.
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