Have you seen a more vulnerable creature than a new born puppy?  A new born pup can’t see, hear or pretty much do anything.  The first four weeks are very crucial for the physical, social and emotional development of your puppy, because it is only after this time, your puppy begins to see, hear, smell, grow teeth and do a lot of tail wagging.  

The mother usually takes good care of her pups, and all you may have to do is to supervise her behavior towards the pups.  But if you have an orphaned, neglected or a rejected pup, then it is a different story altogether.  In which case, the most important thing you need to know is that a pup needs to be fed at least every two hours during the first week.  You could use a syringe or a bottle to do this. 

Young puppies should stay with the mother at least for 12 weeks, as the attention and nursing they receive during this time is very valuable for the development of the puppies. Keep them clean, warm and well fed.  Check out the following instructions:

Puppy Care Instructions

  1. 1.  Create a den for the mother and puppies and make sure to keep it clean.  During the first few weeks, do not handle   the puppies more than necessary. 
  2. 2.  The mother may be drained of energy, due to nursing and the raw wounds of delivery. Make sure, she gets balanced diet, quality nutritional supplements, fresh water and a lot of rest.
  3. 3.  For an orphaned puppy, alternate milk solutions like cow’s milk/milk replacers may cause a diarrhea. Consult your vet regarding the right selection of a puppy formula.
  4. 4.  Your pup will quickly gain weight, although the weight may vary based on the breed.  It is quite normal for a pup to put on 10 -15% of its birth weight, every day.  If not, it may be difficult for the pup to grow to its full potential.
  5. 5.  At the end of 4 weeks – you may introduce solid food to your pup. ASPCA suggests you soak high quality dry puppy kibble in warm water and milk replacer, blending it into gruel.  Gradually decrease the milk replacer, until the puppy is ready to eat dry kibbles at the age of -7-8 weeks.
  6. 6.  During the first few weeks, a pup needs its mother’s stimulation to pass urine and have a bowel movement.  But if you are taking care of an orphaned pup, you may have to do the mother’s job. Gently massage the lower abdomen with a warm cloth, to stimulate him to pass urine and stools.  Consult your vet if you are not sure how to do this.
  7. 7.  After the 6th week, it is vaccination time! Consult your vet regarding a proper immunization program. However deworming can be done at an earlier age.
  8. 8.  If you find something abnormal in the appearance or behavior of the pup, consult your vet immediately.  Also, call your vet if your puppy shows any of the following symptoms:
  • a.  Not gaining weight or rejecting food
  • b.  Vomiting and diarrhea
  • c.  Difficulty in breathing
  • d.  Coughing or wheezing
  • e.  Discharge in the eyes or nose
  • f.  Pale gums
  • g.  Unable to pass urine or stools.
  • h.  Constant Crying

You may not be able to raise all the puppies by yourself.  So start looking for new homes for the puppies.  By 7 or 8 weeks they have to go to new homes and start their new lives.  Make sure each and every puppy goes to a good home where he or she gets lots of love and care.   It is time to find one!