Ketosis in Cattle: Signs, Treatments & Prevention
Ketosis in cattle can be a big problem in some dairies. A normal level of ketosis is 5-7% on a farm. Greatly reduce the risk of getting ketosis by helping to maintain a healthy energy balance and appetite.
What is ketosis? A metabolic disorder that usually shows up in dairy cattle when they are in a negative energy balance. Large amounts of body fat is being used for energy to support milk production, fat is sometimes utilized in better in the liver but can cause ketone production to exceed ketone utilization causing ketosis.
Ketosis usually found in cows that have poor appetites or low blood glucose concentrations. Fresh and overweight cows can also suffer from Ketosis.
What are ketones? Ketones come from the incomplete utilization of fat as an energy source.
What are the dangers of ketosis?
- Decreases feed intake
- Increases the risk of getting other diseases
- Costly to the producer, generally around $159 a cow if it is uncomplicated
What are the symptoms of ketosis in cattle?
-decrease in milk production
-decrease in reproductive efficiency
- decrease in milk production
- decrease in reproductive efficiency
- no other signs of the disease
How to test for ketosis?
- Urine or milk test
- Dipstick or powder that changes color
How to treat ketosis?
- Dextrose, 500cc, given intravenously
- Discuss more options with your veterinarian
- Follow up a Dextrose treatment with Keto-Nia-Fresh Gel to provide Niacin, Vitamin B Complex and Propylene Glycol to maintain energy and vitamin lives.
- Another option for post-treatment is a liquid oral drench supplement such as Keto-Nia Drench.
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How to prevent ketosis?
-Maximize feed intake
-Find where feed intake problems are occurring and fix them
-Transition ration very helpful to reduce ketosis
-Drench fresh cows with propylene glycol 2X a day for 3 days after calving
-Drench fresh cows with fresh start also helpful to prevent ketosis
Ketosis in cattle can be treated easily but it is way better to take the proper precautions to prevent it. Since it is a metabolic disorder making sure your cattle get out of a negative energy balance right away is a key factor in making sure they don't get ketosis.
If your cattle get ketosis giving them dextrose will help them feel better and start eating better.