Toxic Mastitis in Diary Cattle: Signs, Treatments & Prevention
Toxic mastitis in dairy cattle is a very serious and potentially life threatening disease. This type of mastitis is caused by bacteria that enters the udder and produces toxins. The bacteria generally comes from the environment that the cows are being housed in. The incidence rate for toxic mastitis usually increases in the early fall since more cows are fresh and being housed together.
What is toxic mastitis?
-When mastitis causing bacteria enter the udder and start to produce toxins.
-The bacteria, like E. Coli and Klebsiella, usually come from the environment that the cow is being housed in.
-The toxins are then absorbed in the udder and cause a wide range of health problems.
-Medical shock, clotting of the blood in vessels and overall damage to organs
Clinical signs of toxic mastitis in dairy cattle?
-Depression and loss of appetite
-A rapid drop in milk production
-Discolored milk (usually straw colored)
Treatment of toxic mastitis?
-Contact your veterinary right away for assistance with toxic mastitis
-Treating toxic mastitis right away is essential for recovery
-If the cow is still standing at treatment there is a 12X more likely chance that she will recover
-IV fluids, antibiotics and anti-inflammatories are usually used
-Keeping the cow hydrated is a very critical part to recovery
-Strip out the infected quarter as much as possible to get the toxins out of the body
Preventing toxic mastitis in dairy cattle?
-About 2/3 of toxic mastitis cases occurs within the first month after calving
-Out of those 2/3 over half occur within the first four days after calving
-Keeping a clean environment for late dry cows and newly fresh cow is essential in preventing toxic mastitis
-Keep as clean and dry as possible
-Dry treat all cows greatly reduces the chance of getting toxic mastitis
-Making sure you have proper dry treating protocol is also essential
Toxic mastitis in dairy cattle is a very expensive and potentially life-threatening disease. Treating toxic mastitis right away at detection greatly increases the cows chances for recovery. Also remember to keep your cow hydrated with IV fluids. Dry treating your cows is a great way to reduce the risk of getting toxic mastitis, but just make sure you have a proper dry cow protocol.
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