Worming in Horses: Factors, Resistance & Prevention
Worming in horses is a very important step to keep your horse healthy. Frequency of worming depends on the horse. Internal parasites is the most common disease among horses that needs to be treated right away.
Factors that affect a horse's worm load?
-There is no “one size fits all” worming program
-Consider these factors for your worming protocol:
-Age-foals and young horses are more susceptible to some parasites
-Location-certain parasites are more common to certain areas
-Season-some parasites are only active during certain seasons
-Travel-the more travel a horse does increases their risk for parasites
-Pasture Load-grazing increases the horses risk for internal parasites
-Pasture Pals-can get parasites that other animals are carrying
Identify your horses worming requirements?
-Have your veterinarian do a fecal exam to determine the parasites present
-Perform again 10-14 days after worming
Resistance to wormers?
-If you worm your horses to often they can become resistant to some wormers
-Switch up your wormers every time so that you don't end up with resistant parasites
Strategies for worming horses?
-Worm adult horses in spring and fall
-If high fecal counts are still present then worm again
-Young horses need to be wormed more throughout the year
Ways to help prevent worms?
-Clean regularly- remove all manure at least twice a week
-Harrow pastures- break up manure during appropriate seasons
-Rotate pastures- move horses to other pastures to break up the life cycle of the parasites
-Group horses- group by age to minimize worming schedule
-Reduce pasture load- fewer horses per acre reduced manure content
-Use elevated feeders- put grain and hay off the ground
Worming in horses is a very important part of a horses regular schedule. Worming to much can be a bad since it can cause resistance against the wormer. Making sure that you get rid of the parasites is the most important thing to do and then if you need to worm again then you can.
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